Cine y Pediatría 8

lunes, 18 de junio de 2018

Controladores y estrategias para evitar la sobreutilización sanitaria en Atención Primaria


En este blog estamos comprometidos con la prevención cuaternaria. Es decir, estamos comprometidos contra la sobreutilización de intervenciones diagnósticas, terapéuticas y pronósticas. Y a favor de movimientos como "Do Not Do Recommendations", "Less is More" o "Choosing Wisely". Es decir, de promover un modelo de medicina cercana, científica y humana, una medicina que intente ofrecer la máxima calidad con la mínima cantidad (de intervenciones) y en el lugar más cercano al paciente. 

Y por ello, a través de un grupo de trabajo, llevamos un tiempo embarcados en trabajar estos aspectos en el campo de la Atención Primaria y en sus distintos niveles (medicina general, pediatría y enfermería). 

Hace unos meses publicamos, en esta línea, el estudio "Grado de conocimiento de la campaña Compromiso por la Calidad y de las recomendaciones No Hacer en Atención Primaria" publicado en Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarro, y hoy divulgamos nuestro estudio "Drivers and strategies for avoiding overuse. A cross-sectional study to explore the experience of Spanish primary care providers handling uncertainty and patients’ requests" publicado en BMJ Open, una revista de primer cuartil de JCR en el área de Medicine, General & Internal. 

Podéis consultar el artículo completo en este enlace. 

Por el interés del tema, os dejamos el resumen al mismo. 

Objectives: Identify the sources of overuse from the point of view of the Spanish primary care professionals, and analyse the frequency of overuse due to pressure from patients in addition to the responses when professionals face these demands. 

Design: A cross-sectional study. 
Setting: Primary care in Spain. 
Participants: A non-randomised sample of 2201 providers (general practitioners, paediatricians and nurses) was recruited during the survey. 
Primary and secondary outcome measures: The frequency, causes and responsibility for overuse, the frequency that patients demand unnecessary tests or procedures, the profile of the most demanding patients, and arguments for dissuading the patient. 

Results: In all, 936 general practitioners, 682 paediatricians and 286 nurses replied (response rate 18.6%). Patient requests (67%) and defensive medicine (40%) were the most cited causes of overuse. Five hundred and twenty-two (27%) received requests from their patients almost every day for unnecessary tests or procedures, and 132 (7%) recognised granting the requests. The lack of time in consultation, and information about new medical advances and treatments that patients could find on printed and digital media, contributed to the professional’s inability to adequately counter this pressure by patients. Clinical safety (49.9%) and evidence (39.4%) were the arguments that dissuaded patients from their requests the most. Cost savings was not a convincing argument (6.8%), above all for paediatricians (4.3%). General practitioners resisted more pressure from their patients, while nurses admitted to carrying out more unnecessary procedures. 

Conclusion: Satisfying the patient and patient uncertainty about what should be done and defensive medicine practices explains some of the frequent causes of overuse. Safety arguments are useful to dissuade patients from their requests.

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