viernes, 26 de junio de 2009

Revisiones cochrane de interés pediátrico, nuevas y actualizadas

La segunda actualización de la base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas de la Colaboración Cochrane aporta muchas revisiones de interés para el pediatra, tanto nuevas como actualizadas.

Revisiones nuevas:

1.- Animal derived surfactant extract for treatment of respiratory distress syndrome

2.- Alternatives to inpatient mental health care for children and young people

3.- Botulinum toxin for the treatment of strabismus

4.- Carnitine supplementation for inborn errors of metabolism

5.- Combination formoterol and budesonide as maintenance and reliever therapy versus inhaled steroid maintenance for chronic asthma in adults and children

6.- Conservative interventions for treating middle third clavicle fractures in adolescents and adults

7.- Dental fillings for the treatment of caries in the primary dentition

8.- Detoxification treatments for opiate dependent adolescents

9.- Education of children and adolescents for the prevention of dog bite injuries

10.- Effects of restricted caffeine intake by mother on fetal, neonatal and pregnancy outcome

11.- Extraction of primary (baby) teeth for unerupted palatally displaced permanent canine teeth in children

12.- Honey and lozenges for children with non-specific cough

13.- Influenza vaccination in children being treated with chemotherapy for cancer

14.- Interventions for improving the psychosocial well-being of children affected by HIV and AIDS

15.- Maintenance treatments for opiate dependent adolescent

16.- Nutritional support for critically ill children

17.- Pimozide for tics in Tourette's syndrome

18.- Polymer-based oral rehydration solution (ORS) ORS for acute diarrhoea

19.- Serious adverse events with regular formoterol and inhaled corticosteroids

20.- Risperidone for ADHD in people with intellectual disabilities

Revisiones actualizadas:

1.- Acyclovir for treating varicella in otherwise healthy children and adolescents

2.- Adenotonsillectomy for obstructive sleep apnoea in children

3.- Anti-histamines for prolonged non-specific cough in children

4.- Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children

5.- Antibiotics for preventing meningococcal infections

6.- Antiemetics for reducing vomiting related to acute gastroenteritis in children and adolescents

7.- Chest physiotherapy compared to no chest physiotherapy for cystic fibrosis

8.- Chinese medicinal herbs to treat the common cold

9.- Conventional chest physiotherapy compared to other airway clearance techniques for cystic fibrosis

10.- Digoxin for preventing or treating neonatal respiratory distress syndrome

11.- Early postnatal discharge from hospital for healthy mothers and term infants

12.- Fluticasone versus 'extrafine' HFA-beclomethasone dipropionate for chronic asthma in adults and children

13.- Gowning by attendants and visitors in newborn nurseries for prevention of neonatal morbidity and mortality

14.- Increased energy intake for preterm infants with (or developing) bronchopulmonary dysplasia/chronic lung disease

15.- Indigenous healthcare worker involvement for Indigenous adults and children with asthma

16.- Indoor air modification interventions for prolonged non-specific cough in children

17.- Inhaled corticosteroids compared to placebo for prevention of exercise induced bronchoconstriction

18.- Interventions for educating children who are at risk of asthma-related emergency department attendance

19.- Intravenous in-line filters for preventing morbidity and mortality in neonates

20.- Leukotriene receptor antagonist for prolonged non-specific cough in children

21.- Methylxanthines for prolonged non-specific cough in children

22.- Nebulised hypertonic saline for cystic fibrosis

23.- Nedocromil sodium for chronic asthma in children

24.- Oral immunoglobulin for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm and low birth weight neonates

25.- Oral non steroid anti-inflammatories for children and adults with bronchiectasis

26.- Parent-initiated oral corticosteroid therapy for intermittent wheezing illnesses in children

27.- Partial liquid ventilation for the prevention of mortality and morbidity in paediatric acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome

28.- Partial liquid ventilation for the prevention of mortality and morbidity in paediatric acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome Phenobarbital prior to preterm birth for preventing neonatal periventricular haemorrhage

29.- Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines for preventing otitis media

30.- Pneumococcal vaccines for children and adults with bronchiectasis

31.- Prophylactic systemic antifungal agents to prevent mortality and morbidity in very low birth weight infants

32.- Psychological therapies for the management of chronic and recurrent pain in children and adolescents

33.- Restriction of oral intake of water for aspiration lung disease in children

34.- Salicylate for the treatment of Kawasaki disease in children

35.- Surgery for scoliosis in Duchenne muscular dystrophy

36.- Tailored interventions based on sputum eosinophils versus clinical symptoms for asthma in children and adults

37.- Topical analgesia for acute otitis media

38.- Vaccines for preventing malaria (SPf66)